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Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN)

Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) is a bureau of the US Department of the Treasury that collects and analyzes financial transaction data in order to combat money laundering, terrorist financing, and other financial crimes. FinCEN works closely with law enforcement agencies and regulatory authorities at the federal, state, and local levels to identify and combat financial crimes. It also issues guidance to financial institutions and other regulated entities on their obligations under the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) and other laws and regulations. The BSA requires financial institutions to report certain types of financial transactions to FinCEN, including large cash transactions, suspicious activity, and wire transfers. FinCEN’s mission is to safeguard the financial system from illicit use and combat money laundering and other financial crimes.

FinCEN plays a crucial role in detecting and preventing financial crimes such as money laundering, terrorist financing, and other illicit activities that can threaten the integrity of the financial system. To do this, FinCEN collects and analyzes financial transaction data from a variety of sources, including financial institutions, law enforcement agencies, and other regulated entities. This data is used to identify patterns and trends that may indicate the presence of financial crimes, and to support investigations and prosecutions of individuals and organizations involved in such activities.

FinCEN also works closely with other agencies and organizations to coordinate efforts to combat financial crimes. This includes collaborating with law enforcement agencies at the federal, state, and local levels, as well as with regulatory authorities and international partners.

In addition to its role in detecting and preventing financial crimes, FinCEN also issues guidance and regulations to financial institutions and other regulated entities on their obligations under the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) and other laws and regulations related to financial crimes. This includes issuing guidance on how to identify and report suspicious activity, as well as requirements for maintaining records and reporting certain types of financial transactions, such as large cash transactions and wire transfers.

Overall, FinCEN plays a critical role in protecting the financial system from abuse and promoting transparency in financial transactions to ensure that they are conducted in a way that is consistent with the law.

This page was last updated on January 29, 2023.